If your IRA is big enough to help you pay for retirement with enough left over to leave to your heirs, you’ll want to pay close attention to some recently enacted legislation – because it could have a big impact on your estate plans.
Here’s the background: As part of the 2019 SECURE Act, which includes provisions to help people build their retirement savings, the socalled “stretch IRA” has been limited for most nonspouse benefi ciaries. Under the old rules, non-spouse benefi ciaries could withdraw money from an inherited IRA gradually, over their lifetimes. By “stretching” out these payments, benefi ciaries could spread out the tax burden, as withdrawals from a traditional IRA are taxable at an individual’s personal tax rate.
Now, most non-spouse benefi ciaries have to withdraw everything from the IRA by the end of the tenth year after the account owner passes away – which could present a tax problem. At a minimum, this change should lead you to review your estate plans, assuming you won’t need all the money in your IRA to support your retirement lifestyle. But what else can you do in response to the loss of a stretch IRA?
One possible move is to convert your traditional IRA to a Roth IRA. As you may know, a traditional IRA can grow on a tax-deferred basis and your contributions may be tax deductible, depending on your income level. Roth IRA contributions are never deductible, but earnings withdrawals are tax-free, provided you’ve had your account at least five years and you don’t start taking withdrawals until you’re at least 59-1/2. What’s more, you can pass on the ability to make tax-free withdrawals to the benefi ciaries you’ve named to receive your IRA.
However – and this is a pretty big “however” – if you were to convert a traditional IRA to a Roth IRA, you would trigger a tax bill that could be substantial. Essentially, you’d owe taxes on any money in the traditional IRA that would have been taxed when you withdrew it. So, you’d likely need a sizable amount of funds available, held outside your IRA, to pay this tax bill.
Is it worth it? You’ll have to do your own cost-benefi t analysis while pondering a Roth IRA conversion. It may not make much sense for you to pay a big tax bill now if the money, when kept in a traditional IRA, could be withdrawn at a lower tax rate later. Consequently, you may not want to convert if the money is going to your young grandchildren or to other heirs in lower tax brackets. Conversely, a conversion may make sense if you plan to leave money to heirs in their peak earning years, who might be in a high tax bracket and could greatly benefi t from the taxfree withdrawals provided by a Roth IRA.
These are just general guidelines, of course – to determine if a Roth IRA conversion makes sense for you, you’ll need to consult with your tax advisor. And if you’d like to consider other ways to respond to the new laws that limit stretch IRAs, you’ll also want to consult with your estate planning professional. This is a big change – so you’ll want to get the help you need to make the right moves.
Arnetta Tolley, Financial Advisor Edward Jones Investments 626-744-2740 or firstname.lastname@example.org